ERIC Number: EJ1049640
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 34
Disentangling Disadvantage: Can We Distinguish Good Teaching from Classroom Composition?
Zamarro, Gema; Engberg, John; Saavedra, Juan Esteban; Steele, Jennifer
Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, v8 n1 p84-111 2015
This article investigates the use of teacher value-added estimates to assess the distribution of effective teaching across students of varying socioeconomic disadvantage in the presence of classroom composition effects. We examine, via simulations, how accurately commonly used teacher value-added estimators recover the rank correlation between true and estimated teacher effects and a parameter representing the distribution of effective teaching. We consider various scenarios of teacher assignment, within-teacher variability in classroom composition, the importance of classroom composition effects, and the presence of student unobserved heterogeneity. No single model recovers without bias estimates of the distribution parameter in all the scenarios we consider. Models that rank teacher effectiveness most accurately do not necessarily recover distribution parameter estimates with less bias. Since true teacher sorting in real data is seldom known, we recommend that analysts incorporate contextual information into their decisions about model choice and we offer some guidance on how to do so.
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Disadvantaged Youth, Socioeconomic Influences, Socioeconomic Status, Student Characteristics, Simulation, Correlation, Teacher Influence, Classroom Environment, Models, Bias, Monte Carlo Methods, Scores, Equations (Mathematics), Teacher Placement, Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Attitudes, Statistical Analysis, Elementary School Students, Urban Schools, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 2; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 3; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Grade 5; Middle Schools
Sponsor: National Institute on Aging (DHHS/NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: P30AG043073