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ERIC Number: EJ1049514
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Mar
Pages: 39
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1560-4292
Designing a Knowledge Representation Approach for the Generation of Pedagogical Interventions by MTTs
Paquette, Luc; Lebeau, Jean-François; Beaulieu, Gabriel; Mayers, André
International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, v25 n1 p118-156 Mar 2015
Model-tracing tutors (MTTs) have proven effective for the tutoring of well-defined tasks, but the pedagogical interventions they produce are limited and usually require the inclusion of pedagogical content, such as text message templates, in the model of the task. The capability to generate pedagogical content would be beneficial to MTT frameworks, as it would lessen the task-specific efforts and could lead to the capability of providing more sophisticated pedagogical interventions. In this paper, we show how Astus, as an MTT framework, strive to attain a higher level of automation when generating pedagogical interventions compared to other MTT frameworks such as TDK and CTAT's MTTs. This is achieved by designing a knowledge representation approach in which each type of knowledge unit has a clearly defined semantic on which the MTT's pedagogical module can rely on. We explain how this knowledge representation approach is implemented as a knowledge-based system in ASTUS and show how it allows the development of MTTs that can automatically generate the pedagogical content required to provide next-step hints and negative feedback on errors. Multiple small-scale experiments were conducted with computer science undergraduate students in order to obtain a preliminary assessment of the effectiveness of Astus's pedagogical interventions.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A