ERIC Number: EJ1049437
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
The Psychophysiological and Health Corollaries of Child Problem Behaviours in Caregivers of Children with Autism and ADHD
Lovell, B.; Moss, M.; Wetherell, M. A.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, v59 n2 p150-157 Feb 2015
Background: The positive relationship between problem behaviours of children with additional complex needs and psychological distress in their caregivers has been widely evidenced. Fewer studies, however, have assessed the relationship between care recipients' problem behaviours and key physiological processes, relevant for the physical health status of their care providers. This study examined the psychological, endocrine and health corollaries of child problem behaviours in caregivers of children with autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Methods: Caregivers (n?=?18) completed self-report measures of psychological distress, child problem behaviours and incidences of commonly occurring ailments. To capture important parameters of the basal diurnal cortisol pattern, caregivers collected saliva samples at waking, 30?min post waking, 1200?h and 2200?h on two consecutive weekdays. Results: Data revealed a positive relationship between caregivers' perceived levels of stress and problems with child conduct behaviours. In addition, caregivers who reported more problems with child emotional and hyperactivity behaviours displayed atypical cortisol patterns characterised by flatter diurnal cortisol slopes and reduced cortisol awakening response magnitude. Subjective reports of commonly occurring ailments were also greater in caregivers experiencing more problems with child emotional behaviours. Conclusions: These findings have implications for interventions that aim to improve the psychophysiological well-being of the caregiver by targeting problem behaviours of the care recipient.
Descriptors: Correlation, Behavior Problems, Psychology, Psychological Patterns, Caregiver Child Relationship, Parent Child Relationship, Physiology, Physical Health, Metabolism, Caregivers, Parents, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Stress Variables, Surveys, Attitude Measures, Child Behavior, Emotional Disturbances, Intervention
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A