ERIC Number: EJ1049226
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 40
Brief Report: High and Low Level Initiations of Joint Attention, and Response to Joint Attention--Differential Relationships with Language and Imitation
Pickard, Katherine E.; Ingersoll, Brooke R.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n1 p262-268 Jan 2015
Frequency of high-level (showing/pointing) and low-level (coordinated gaze shifts) behaviors on the Early Social Communication Scales are often used as a measure of joint attention initiations (IJA). This study examined the degree to which these skills and response to joint attention (RJA; e.g. gaze following) were differentially related to measures of language and imitation in 53 children with autism spectrum disorder between the ages of 22 and 93 months. High-level and low-level IJA were not associated with each other, and only high-level IJA was associated with RJA, and language and imitation measures. High-level IJA and RJA were unique predictors of imitation, while RJA was a unique predictor of language. Findings indicate that IJA involves distinct skills, with high-level behaviors more closely related to social-communication skills.
Descriptors: Autism, Nonverbal Communication, Attention, Eye Movements, Language Acquisition, Imitation, Toddlers, Young Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Correlation, Predictor Variables, Skill Development, Communication Skills, Interpersonal Competence
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A