ERIC Number: EJ1048529
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 40
Using Antecedent Physical Activity to Increase On-Task Behavior in Young Children
Luke, Sara; Vail, Cynthia O.; Ayres, Kevin M.
Exceptional Children, v80 n4 p489-503 Jul 2014
A withdrawal design was used to investigate how physical activity affects on-task behavior of young children with significant developmental delays in a special education preschool classroom. Five preschool age children with significant developmental delays engaged in either physical activity or seated center activities for 20 min prior to a 15-min teacher-directed group activity. Momentary time sampling was used to calculate the percentage of intervals the participants were on-task using 15-s intervals. Results indicated all of the participants' on-task behavior was higher during the physical activity condition. These findings suggest physical activity may be used as a proactive behavioral intervention to improve the on-task behavior of young children with significant developmental delays during teacher-directed group activities.
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Time on Task, Young Children, Preschool Children, Developmental Delays, Group Activities, Intervention, Child Behavior, Teacher Guidance, Males, Observation, Prompting, Video Technology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A