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ERIC Number: EJ1048462
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jan
Pages: 29
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 46
ISSN: ISSN-0731-9258
Young Children's Learning Performance and Efficiency When Using Virtual Manipulative Mathematics iPad Apps
Moyer-Packenham, Patricia S.; Shumway, Jessica F.; Bullock, Emma; Tucker, Stephen I.; Anderson-Pence, Katie L.; Westenskow, Arla; Boyer-Thurgood, Jennifer; Maahs-Fladung, Cathy; Symanzik, Juergen; Mahamane, Salif; MacDonald, Beth; Jordan, Kerry
Journal of Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching, v34 n1 p41-69 Jan 2015
Part of a larger initiation mixed methods study (Greene, Caracelli, & Graham, 1989), this paper discusses the changes in young children's learning performance and efficiency (one element of the quantitative portion of the larger study) during clinical interviews in which each child interacted with a variety of virtual manipulative mathematics iPad apps. Researchers interviewed 100 children ages 3 to 8 using a protocol format with two pre-assessment apps, four learning apps, and two post-assessment apps. Following 30-40 minute interviews where children interacted individually with the mathematics apps, results showed that children in the Preschool group increased efficiency while maintaining performance, children in the Kindergarten group increased performance while maintaining efficiency, and children in the Grade 2 group increased their performance and efficiency in skip counting, but not in place value. Overall, children in different age groups responded in different ways to the apps and some apps had a greater influence on children's learning performance and efficiency than others. To conduct this study, researchers created a variety of research tools that were not readily available because research on children's interactions with iPad-based virtual manipulative mathematics apps is still in its infancy. The paper describes the processes our research team used to develop new tools for novel and unique research situations.
Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. P.O. Box 1545, Chesapeake, VA 23327. Tel: 757-366-5606; Fax: 703-997-8760; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Kindergarten; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 2
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A