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ERIC Number: EJ1048316
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Dec
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9584
Developing an Array Binary Code Assessment Rubric for Multiple- Choice Questions Using Item Arrays and Binary-Coded Responses
Haro, Elizabeth K.; Haro, Luis S.
Journal of Chemical Education, v91 n12 p2064-2070 Dec 2014
The multiple-choice question (MCQ) is the foundation of knowledge assessment in K-12, higher education, and standardized entrance exams (including the GRE, MCAT, and DAT). However, standard MCQ exams are limited with respect to the types of questions that can be asked when there are only five choices. MCQs offering additional choices more extensively test an examinee's knowledge of complex concepts and thus an examiner can get a more accurate assessment of the examinee's comprehension. We introduce an assessment paradigm in which choices of the MCQs are items in an array encoded with a number that can be expressed via binary notation in the standard five-choice MCQ answer sheet. Numbers can be represented by combinations of zeroes (unfilled bubbles) and ones (filled bubbles) at each of the five numerical place-holder positions. A scanner that recognizes five filled/unfilled "bubbles" per horizontal line of the answer sheet makes it possible to represent 31 options as possible answers. The rubric provides a more comprehensive assessment of a student's knowledge than a standard five-choice MCQ. It has the potential to revolutionize MCQ testing. We present examples of MCQ assessment of chemical concepts at all levels of Bloom's taxonomy, employing item arrays and binary-coded choices.
Division of Chemical Education, Inc and ACS Publications Division of the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-227-5558; Tel: 202-872-4600; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A