ERIC Number: EJ1048144
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
From Recreational to Functional Drug Use: The Evolution of Drugs in American Higher Education, 1960-2014
Aikins, Ross D.
History of Education, v44 n1 p25-43 2015
The increasing prevalence of so-called cognitive-enhancing drugs is well documented in American higher education. There has been little historical analysis, however, specifically exploring the role of postsecondary institutions in this evolving drug narrative. This paper traces substance use and research trends in American higher education over the past half-century, divided into three eras defined by their disparate approaches to drug policy and public health. Contextualised by historic events, shifting policies and epidemiological data, this multidisciplinary analysis contends that functional, academically oriented drug use is likely to continue rising on US campuses, while recreational drug use will evolve and persist. As history provides a useful lens for understanding the involvement of academe in the first era of drug concern in America, ongoing innovations in medical and social science may be instructive to help ensure that institutions respond judiciously in the present era of new drug synthesis and drug policy recession.
Descriptors: Drug Use, Public Policy, Incidence, Role, Trend Analysis, Higher Education, Educational History, Interdisciplinary Approach, Executive Function, Public Health, Drug Abuse, Academic Achievement
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative; Information Analyses
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A