ERIC Number: EJ1047633
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 84
Protective Factors for School Readiness among Children in Poverty
Holliday, Matthew R.; Cimetta, Adriana; Cutshaw, Christina A.; Yaden, David; Marx, Ronald W.
Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, v19 n3-4 p125-147 2014
The economic status of families and their children's learning outcomes are closely related. For example, children living in poverty tend to score worse on measures of reading and math performance than their more affluent peers, and this achievement gap is present by kindergarten. In this study, we identified protective factors associated with school readiness among an Arizona sample of children living at or below the federal poverty line (N = 230). Using multiple linear regression, we examined the association between assessments of school readiness, health status, childcare hours, home language, parent engagement, and parent education. We found that increased weekly childcare hours and better health were associated with higher proficiency in math, literacy, and approaches to learning, and may serve as resilience factors for children in poverty that may contribute to closing the achievement gap.
Descriptors: School Readiness, Poverty, Socioeconomic Status, Academic Achievement, Low Achievement, Socioeconomic Influences, Regression (Statistics), Resilience (Psychology), Correlation, Child Health, Child Care, Language Usage, Parent Participation, Parent Background, Educational Attainment, Mathematics Achievement, Reading Achievement, Achievement Gap, Kindergarten, Surveys, Questionnaires, Well Being, Child Development, Phonological Awareness, Emergent Literacy, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Kindergarten; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arizona
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Preschool Language Scale