ERIC Number: EJ1047205
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
A Campus-Wide Study of STEM Courses: New Perspectives on Teaching Practices and Perceptions
Smith, Michelle K.; Vinson, Erin L.; Smith, Jeremy A.; Lewin, Justin D.; Stetzer, MacKenzie R.
CBE - Life Sciences Education, v13 n4 p624-635 Dec 2014
At the University of Maine, middle and high school science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) teachers observed 51 STEM courses across 13 different departments and collected information on the active-engagement nature of instruction. The results of these observations show that faculty members teaching STEM courses cannot simply be classified into two groups, traditional lecturers or instructors who teach in a highly interactive manner, but instead exhibit a continuum of instructional behaviors between these two classifications. In addition, the observation data reveal that student behavior differs greatly in classes with varied levels of lecture. Although faculty members who teach large-enrollment courses are more likely to lecture, we also identified instructors of several large courses using interactive teaching methods. Observed faculty members were also asked to complete a survey about how often they use specific teaching practices, and we find that faculty members are generally self-aware of their own practices. Taken together, these findings provide comprehensive information about the range of STEM teaching practices at a campus-wide level and how such information can be used to design targeted professional development for faculty.
Descriptors: STEM Education, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Science Teachers, Large Group Instruction, Interaction, Teacher Surveys, Student Experience, Class Size, Undergraduate Study, Teacher Attitudes, Faculty Development, Reflection, Observation, Statistical Analysis
American Society for Cell Biology. 8120 Woodmont Avenue Suite 750, Bethesda, MD 20814-2762. Tel: 301-347-9300; Fax: 301-347-9310; e-mail: email@example.com; Website: http://www.ascb.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Sponsor: National Science Foundation
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Maine
Grant or Contract Numbers: 1347577; 0962805