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ERIC Number: EJ1047202
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Nov
Pages: 32
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0010-4086
Cross-National Variations in Student Employment and Academic Performance: The Roles of National Context and International Law
Byun, Soo-yong; Henck, Adrienne; Post, David
Comparative Education Review, v58 n4 p621-652 Nov 2014
Most existing research indicates that working students perform more poorly than do full-time students on standardized achievement tests. However, we know there are wide international variations in this gap. This article shows that national and international contexts help to explain the gap in the academic performance between working and nonworking middle-school students. We combined data from the 2003 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study eighth-grade assessment with the countryspecific information on socioeconomic and educational conditions, as well as the timing of each country's ratification of an international treaty regulating child labor. Our multilevel analyses show that, while student employment is generally negatively associated with academic performance, this negative association is smaller in countries that by 1995 had ratified the International Labour Organisation's Convention 138 on child labor. These findings highlight the role of national and international policy in structuring the consequences of student employment for academic performance.
University of Chicago Press. Journals Division, P.O. Box 37005, Chicago, IL 60637. Tel: 877-705-1878; Tel: 773-753-3347; Fax: 877-705-1879; Fax: 773-753-0811; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; Grade 8; Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Armenia; Australia; Bahrain; Belgium; Botswana; Bulgaria; Chile; Cyprus; Egypt; Estonia; Ghana; Hong Kong; Hungary; Indonesia; Iran; Israel; Italy; Japan; Jordan; Latvia; Lebanon; Lithuania; Macedonia; Moldova; Netherlands; New Zealand; Norway; Philippines; Romania; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Serbia; Singapore; Slovakia; Slovenia; South Africa; South Korea; Sweden; Syria; Tunisia; United States
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A