ERIC Number: EJ1046649
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Religiousness and Alcohol Use in College Students: Examining Descriptive Drinking Norms as Mediators
Brechting, Emily H.; Carlson, Charles R.
Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, v24 n1 p1-11 2015
Religiousness has consistently emerged in the literature as a protective factor for alcohol use. Relatively few studies have empirically explored possible mechanisms for this robust effect. The present study examines descriptive drinking norms as a potential mediator of the religiousness--alcohol consumption association. Consistent with the literature, religiousness was inversely related to alcohol use and alcohol-related problems. Religiousness was also inversely related to descriptive drinking norms for close friends but not for more distal targets. Descriptive drinking norms for one's close friends mediated the relationships between religiousness and alcohol use outcomes. These results suggest that religiousness may influence alcohol use outcomes through perceptions of close friends' alcohol use. Implications of these findings and recommendations for future directions are discussed in the context of developing theory-based interventions to address problems associated with alcohol use.
Descriptors: Religious Factors, Drinking, Intervention, Correlation, Alcohol Abuse, Friendship, Futures (of Society), Student Attitudes, Social Behavior, Undergraduate Students, Social Desirability, Measures (Individuals), Questionnaires
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Kentucky
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Marlowe Crowne Social Desirability Scale
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A