ERIC Number: EJ1046574
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
A Comprehensive Review of School-Based Body Mass Index Screening Programs and Their Implications for School Health: Do the Controversies Accurately Reflect the Research?
Ruggieri, Dominique G.; Bass, Sarah B.
Journal of School Health, v85 n1 p61-72 Jan 2015
Background: Whereas legislation for body mass index (BMI) surveillance and screening programs has passed in 25 states, the programs are often subject to ethical debates about confidentiality and privacy, school-to-parent communication, and safety and self-esteem issues for students. Despite this debate, no comprehensive analysis has been completed that compares and contrasts how these issues differentially affect schools, parents, and students. Methods: A keyword search from electronic databases a review of state legislation related to BMI surveillance screening was used to identify relevant literature data focused on surveillance screening policies, BMI report cards, parental perceptions of BMI screenings their child's weight status. Results: This article addresses the gap of previous literature by outlining the ethical considerations and implications that BMI screening programs and report cards have for schools, parents, and students, and links these with outcome studies to address whether these controversies are supported by research. Conclusions: Despite the controversies surrounding these programs, this review shows that they can be valuable for all parties and demonstrates BMI screening programs to be vital to the development of robust school-based obesity prevention programs and promotion of healthy lifestyles in schools.
Descriptors: Body Composition, Body Weight, Screening Tests, Databases, State Legislation, Progress Monitoring, Report Cards, Parent Attitudes, Child Health, Ethics, Policy, Life Style, Health Promotion
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A