ERIC Number: EJ1046394
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Male Ballet Dancers and Their Performances of Heteromasculinity
Haltom, Trenton M.; Worthen, Meredith G. F.
Journal of College Student Development, v55 n8 p757-778 Nov 2014
Although previous research has investigated men in feminized sports, we took a different approach in this study and examined men in ballet. Because ballet is one of the most highly gendercodified sports, male ballet dancers must negotiate their identities as men while performing a dance form that is highly stigmatized as effeminate. We investigated how five self-identified heterosexual male college dance majors perceive and perform heteromasculinity within male ballet culture using qualitative data gathered from structured interviews. Results provide three unique contributions to the literature. First, we found that these men develop and contextualize their heteromasculinity in the context of a male ballet culture. Second, the results demonstrate three unique stigma-management techniques within male ballet culture. Third, men described a hegemonic heteromasculinity and the roles of masculinity and emotionality in male ballet performance as parts of male ballet culture. We hope this study will stimulate future research that can help personnel and faculty to better understand how college ballet programs can be informed by the ways masculinity may be institutionalized and reproduced within the context of dance programs, as well as the ways male ballet dancers can challenge heteromasculine hegemony in the sports world.
Descriptors: Males, Dance, Masculinity, Sexual Identity, Self Concept, Social Bias, Structured Interviews, Role, Performance, Dance Education, Athletics, College Students, Student Attitudes, Qualitative Research
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
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