ERIC Number: EJ1046346
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 200
The Role and Sources of Individual Differences in Critical-Analytic Thinking: A Capsule Overview
Bolger, Donald J.; Mackey, Allyson P.; Wang, Min; Grigorenko, Elena L.
Educational Psychology Review, v26 n4 p495-518 Dec 2014
Critical-analytic thinking is typically conceived as a meta-construct that arises at the junction of a problem state (i.e., a situation that requires analysis that challenges previous assumptions) and an individual (i.e., an entity with the capacity to exercise critical-analytic thinking). With regard to the latter, there is a substantial body of research focusing on developmental and educational prerequisites for critical-analytic thinking. A less studied aspect of critical-analytic thinking pertains to individual differences, particularly in the set of foundational or componential cognitive skills that embody this construct. The bottom line here is whether, all else being equal (i.e., the same situation and the same developmental/educational stage), there is variation in whether, when, and how people think critically/analytically. We argue that there is unequivocal evidence for both the existence and importance of individual differences in critical-analytic thinking. This review focuses on theoretical and empirical evidence, identifying the cognitive processes that serve as the sources of these individual differences and capturing these processes' differential contributions to both the critical and analytic components of this construct.
Descriptors: Role, Individual Differences, Critical Thinking, Cognitive Processes, Thinking Skills, Literature Reviews
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
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