ERIC Number: EJ1046326
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 86
A Q Factor Analysis of College Undergraduate Students' Study Behaviours
Yang, Yang; Bliss, Leonard B.
Educational Research and Evaluation, v20 n6 p433-453 2014
This study attempted to better understand the study behaviours of undergraduate students by categorizing students into distinctive typologies based on their self-reported study behaviours through an exploratory approach--Q factor analysis. A sample of 152 undergraduate students completed a survey instrument, the Study Behavior Inventory. The Q factor analysis yielded a 2-factor structure. Participants exhibiting the 1st behavioural type demonstrated reflective, well-organized study behaviours and favoured high-level thinking; thus were described as "Organized Holistic Learners". Those exhibiting the 2nd behavioural type were found to manage time poorly and primarily focus on memorizing facts; thus were labelled "Disorganized Procrastinators". Type 1 students had significantly higher grade point averages (GPAs) than Type 2 students. Student type was a significant predictor of academic achievement, as measured by self-reported GPA above and beyond students' attribute variables including sex, age, major, and enrolment status. Theoretical and practical implications were discussed.
Descriptors: Factor Analysis, Academic Achievement, Predictor Variables, Study Habits, Measures (Individuals), Undergraduate Students, Surveys, Student Behavior, Grade Point Average, Student Characteristics, Student Attitudes, Correlation, Metacognition, Q Methodology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A