ERIC Number: EJ1046257
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 93
Knowledge Transfer or Social Competence? A Comparison of German and Canadian Adolescent Students on Their Socio-Motivational Relationships in School
Hoferichter, Frances; Raufelder, Diana; Eid, Michael; Bukowski, William M.
School Psychology International, v35 n6 p627-648 Dec 2014
This cross-national study investigates the perception of the impact of students' relationships towards teachers and peers on scholastic motivation in a total sample of 1477 seventh and eighth grade German (N?=?1088) and Canadian (N?=?389) secondary school students. By applying Multigroup Confirmatory Latent Class Analysis in Mplus we confirmed four different motivation types: (1) teacher-dependent; (2) peer-dependent; (3) teacher-and-peer-dependent; (4) teacher-and-peer-independent motivation types in Québec, Canada, as they were found in a preliminary study among German students in the state of Brandenburg (Raufelder, Jagenow, Drury, & Hoferichter, 2013). However, across the two samples, the class sizes varied considerable. The largest group among Canadian students was composed of teacher-and-peer-dependent students, followed by teacher-and-peer-independent students, while the largest group among German students was composed of peer-dependent students, followed by teacher-and-peer-independent students. In both settings the teacher-dependent motivation type constituted the smallest group. These results manifest the different impacts of social environmental variables on the motivation of German and Canadian students, having practical implications for school psychologists and educators in general.
Descriptors: Interpersonal Competence, Class Size, Foreign Countries, Cross Cultural Studies, Secondary School Students, Transfer of Training, Student Motivation, Social Environment, School Psychologists, Peer Relationship, Teacher Student Relationship, Statistical Analysis, Grade 7, Grade 8, Questionnaires
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education; Grade 7; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Grade 8
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada; Germany