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ERIC Number: EJ1046251
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Nov
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9584
Assessing the Greenness of Chemical Reactions in the Laboratory Using Updated Holistic Graphic Metrics Based on the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals
Ribeiro, M. Gabriela T. C.; Yunes, Santiago F.; Machado, Adelio A. S. C.
Journal of Chemical Education, v91 n11 p1901-1908 Nov 2014
Two graphic holistic metrics for assessing the greenness of synthesis, the "green star" and the "green circle", have been presented previously. These metrics assess the greenness by the degree of accomplishment of each of the 12 principles of green chemistry that apply to the case under evaluation. The criteria for assessment were based on the hazards symbols used in the system established by the European Union, directive 67/548/EEC, obtained from the safety data sheets of chemicals. Meanwhile, the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) replaced that system and introduced a new classification of hazards and new symbols. The objective of this work is to present new criteria for the construction of the metrics based on the GHS system. A brief presentation of this system is included. The present upgrade also includes an improvement of the graphic presentation of the green star to facilitate the visual assessment of the degree of accomplishment of each green chemistry principle.
Division of Chemical Education, Inc and ACS Publications Division of the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-227-5558; Tel: 202-872-4600; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Secondary Education; High Schools; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A