ERIC Number: EJ1046217
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 29
The Effect of Passive versus Active Recovery on Power Output over Six Repeated Wingate Sprints
Lopez, Egla-Irina D.; Smoliga, James M.; Zavorsky, Gerald S.
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v85 n4 p519-526 2014
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of active versus passive recovery on 6 repeated Wingate tests (30-s all-out cycling sprints on a Velotron ergometer). Method: Fifteen healthy participants aged 29 (SD = 8) years old (body mass index = 23  kg/m[superscript 2]) participated in 3 sprint interval training sessions separated by 3 to 7 days between each session during a period of 1 month. The 1st visit was familiarization to 6 cycling sprints; the 2nd and 3rd visits involved a warm-up followed by 6 30-s cycling sprints. Each sprint was followed by 4 min of passive (resting still on the ergometer) or active recovery (pedaling at 1.1 W/kg). The same recovery was used within each visit, and recovery type was randomized between visits. Results: Active recovery resulted in a 0.6 W/kg lower peak power output in the second sprint (95% confidence interval [CI] [ -0.2, -0.8 W/kg], effect size = 0.50, p < 0.01) and a 0.4 W/kg greater average power output in the 5th and 6th sprints (95% CI [+0.2, + 0.6 W/kg], effect size = 0.50, p < 0.01) compared with passive recovery. There was little difference between fatigue index, total work, or accumulated work between the 2 recovery conditions. Conclusions: Passive recovery is beneficial when only 2 sprints are completed, whereas active recovery better maintains average power output compared with passive recovery when several sprints are performed sequentially (partial eta squared between conditions for multiple sprints = 0.38).
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Comparative Analysis, Exercise Physiology, Fatigue (Biology), Adults, Individual Characteristics, Statistical Analysis, Measures (Individuals), Predictor Variables
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A