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ERIC Number: EJ1045875
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Nov
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
ISSN: ISSN-0165-0254
Longitudinal Models of Socio-Economic Status: Impact on Positive Parenting Behaviors
Azad, Gazi; Blacher, Jan; Marcoulides, George
International Journal of Behavioral Development, v38 n6 p509-517 Nov 2014
Parenting research is frequently conducted without a thorough examination of socio-economic characteristics. In this study, longitudinal observations of positive parenting were conducted across six time points. Participants were 219 mothers of children with and without developmental delays. Mothers' positive parenting increased during early and middle childhood in children with and without developmental delays. Mothers who reported more education had significantly higher levels of positive parenting when their children were 3 years old. Mothers who reported more family income grew at a significantly faster rate in positive parenting. There was preliminary support that mothers with more income were more likely to be members of a class that started off and remained at a higher level of positive parenting over time. Implications are discussed.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Bayley Scales of Infant Development; Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: 34879-1459