ERIC Number: EJ1045702
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Self-Socialization of Gender in African American, Dominican Immigrant, and Mexican Immigrant Toddlers
Zosuls, Kristina M.; Ruble, Diane N.; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.
Child Development, v85 n6 p2202-2217 Nov-Dec 2014
This article advances a self-socialization perspective demonstrating that children's understanding of "both" gender categories represents an intergroup cognition that is foundational to the development of gender-stereotyped play. Children's (N = 212) gender category knowledge was assessed at 24 months and play was observed at 24 and 36 months. Higher levels of gender category knowledge and, more specifically, passing multiple measures of knowledge of both gender categories at 24 months was related to increases in play over time with gender-stereotyped toys (doll, truck), but not gender-stereotyped forms of play (nurturing, motion). In contrast to the long-standing focus on self-labeling, findings indicate the importance of intergroup cognitions in self-socialization processes and demonstrate the generalizability of these processes to a diverse sample.
Descriptors: Socialization, Immigrants, Mexican Americans, Toddlers, Latin Americans, African Americans, Sex Stereotypes, Social Cognition, Generalization, Gender Differences, Child Development, Toys
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation; Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: BCS 021859|IRADS 0721383|R01 HD04994