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ERIC Number: EJ1045660
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 27
ISSN: ISSN-1556-763X
Overcoming Educational Challenges to Women Living in At-Risk Communities through Urban Debate
Winkler, Carol K.; Fortner, C. Kevin; Baugh-Harris, Sara
Forum on Public Policy Online, v2013 n1 2013
Every year 1.3 million U.S. high school students drop out of school with one quarter of female students failing to graduate on time. Female dropouts are more likely to be unemployed, to earn less when they are employed, to become pregnant before the age of 20, to become obese, to smoke, and to drink more heavily than their male counterparts. This study focuses on two public school systems with high rates of dropouts to determine whether urban debate leagues (UDLs) improve the affective, behavioral, and cognitive dimensions of school engagement of middle and high school females. The methods used in the analysis include: (1) propensity score matching to compare behavioral and cognitive indicators of debaters vs. non-debaters, (2) a nationally normed pre/post reading test, and (3) an alumni survey of UDL participants. The study found that debaters were significantly less likely to be tardy from school, scored significantly higher on standardized reading exams, and substantially exceeded national norms for annual progress in reading rate, accuracy, fluency, and comprehension. Program alumni reported that UDL participation increased both the skills and confidence levels needed for success in college and their careers.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California; Georgia; Maryland; Massachusetts; Michigan; Minnesota; New Jersey; New York; Wisconsin