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ERIC Number: EJ1045657
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Dec
Pages: 39
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 79
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0002-8312
The Gerrymandering of School Attendance Zones and the Segregation of Public Schools: A Geospatial Analysis
Richards, Meredith P.
American Educational Research Journal, v51 n6 p1119-1157 Dec 2014
In this study, I employ geospatial techniques to assess the impact of school attendance zone "gerrymandering" on the racial/ethnic segregation of schools, using a large national sample of 15,290 attendance zones in 663 districts. I estimate the effect of gerrymandering on school diversity and school district segregation by comparing the racial/ethnic characteristics of existing attendance zones to those of counterfactual zones expected in the absence of gerrymandering. Results indicate that the gerrymandering of attendance zones generally exacerbates segregation, although it has a weaker effect on the segregation of Whites from Blacks and Hispanics. Gerrymandering is particularly segregative in districts experiencing rapid racial/ethnic change. However, gerrymandering is associated with reductions in segregation in a substantial minority of districts, notably those under desegregation orders.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Alabama; Arkansas; Delaware; Florida; Georgia; Kentucky; Louisiana; Maryland; Mississippi; Missouri; North Carolina; Oklahoma; South Carolina; Tennessee; Texas; Virginia; West Virginia
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Brown v Board of Education; Keyes v Denver School District Number 1; Missouri v Jenkins
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305B100013-01