ERIC Number: EJ1044905
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 26
Design It Yourself (DIY): In-House Instructional Design for Online Pharmacology
Loftus, Jay; Stavraky, Tom; Urquhart, Bradley L.
Advances in Health Sciences Education, v19 n5 p645-659 Dec 2014
Demand for e-learning courses has risen dramatically placing pressure on institutions to offer more online courses. Third party vendors now offer courses that can be embedded directly into learning management systems. When transitioning from in-class to e-learning formats, instructors must decide whether to use commercially available courses or design in-house. The objective of this study was to evaluate our transition from delivering introductory pharmacology via a purchased e-pack to an in-house designed course. A team that included an instructional designer, an education specialist and a content expert created an online course in pharmacology. Merrill's first principles of instruction were used as a guide for the design of our online course. Where appropriate, multiple forms of media were introduced to reinforce concepts. We compared grades and design strategy from a previous iteration that was delivered using a commercially available e-pack. A cost analysis was conducted to determine the institutional setup and maintenance costs of in-house course design. The mean final grade from the in-house designed course was 81.9 (0.5)% compared to 76.4 (0.5)% for the e-pack course (P < 0.001). Course evaluations were significantly improved for the in-house course compared to the e-pack. Cost-analysis demonstrated that designing a course in-house has a high initial cost ($111,180.57) but can be maintained with minimal institutional cost ($500) in future offerings. Our results demonstrate that effective courses can be designed in-house and this should be a viable option for institutions that have appropriate resources to support instructional design.
Descriptors: Higher Education, Instructional Design, Online Courses, Electronic Learning, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Education, Expertise, Multimedia Materials, Grades (Scholastic), Course Evaluation, Costs, Introductory Courses
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A