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ERIC Number: EJ1044892
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Dec
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 60
ISSN: ISSN-0018-1560
An Alienation-Based Framework for Student Experience in Higher Education: New Interpretations of Past Observations in Student Learning Theory
Barnhardt, Bradford; Ginns, Paul
Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education and Educational Planning, v68 n6 p789-805 Dec 2014
This article orients a recently proposed alienation-based framework for student learning theory (SLT) to the empirical basis of the approaches to learning perspective. The proposed framework makes new macro-level interpretations of an established micro-level theory, across three levels of interpretation: (1) a context-free psychological state (alienation), (2) a context-bound psychological state (student alienation), and (3) sociological processes from which these psychological states arise. Evidence for the viability of this macro-micro framework is, however, lacking, as is a clear path to seeking such evidence due to the framework's complexity. The dichotomy of "state" and "process" implied by the framework reflects a recognised "dual interpretation" of alienation, by which micro-level experiences are linked to behaviours through mediating macro-level psychological states. We use this dual interpretation together with Seeman's ("Ann Rev Sociol," 1975) six variants of alienation to construct a clear and well-ordered overall framework, and to hypothesize comprehensive explanations for the correlations observed between surface approaches to learning and five dimensions of learning experience emphasized in SLT. These five hypotheses are presented as succinct "if…then" statements, and assessed according to established qualitative criteria. Overall, the article prepares the way both for empirical verification of what is a complex theoretical structure, and for other future research in this vein.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A