ERIC Number: EJ1044856
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 92
Visuo-Spatial Performance in Autism: A Meta-Analysis
Muth, Anne; Hönekopp, Johannes; Falter, Christine M.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v44 n12 p3245-3263 Dec 2014
Visuo-spatial skills are believed to be enhanced in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). This meta-analysis tests the current state of evidence for Figure Disembedding, Block Design, Mental Rotation and Navon tasks in ASD and neurotypicals. Block Design (d = 0.32) and Figure Disembedding (d = 0.26) showed superior performance for ASD with large heterogeneity that is unaccounted for. No clear differences were found for Mental Rotation. ASD samples showed a stronger local processing preference for Navon tasks (d = 0.35); less clear evidence for performance differences of a similar magnitude emerged. We discuss the meta-analysis results together with other findings relating to visuo-spatial processing and three cognitive theories of ASD: Weak Central Coherence, Enhanced Perceptual Functioning and Extreme Male Brain theory.
Descriptors: Autism, Spatial Ability, Visual Perception, Meta Analysis, Cognitive Processes, Comparative Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A