ERIC Number: EJ1044839
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 79
Executive Functioning in Children with ASD: An Analysis of the BRIEF
Blijd-Hoogewys, E. M.; Bezemer, M. L.; van Geert, P. L.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v44 n12 p3089-3100 Dec 2014
The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functions (BRIEF) screens for executive function deficits in 5- to 18-year-olds. Data of three autism subgroups, according to DSM-IV-TR criteria (N = 35 Autistic Disorder, N = 27 Asperger's Disorder and N = 65 PDD-NOS), were analyzed. The total group has elevated scores on almost all BRIEF scales. The Shift scale is clinically elevated, reflecting a deficit in cognitive flexibility. The BRIEF scales are not found to discriminate among the autism spectrum disorder (ASD) subgroups. The relation between BRIEF and IQ is complex. Possible influencing factors are discussed. Finally, it is recommended to omit the Negativity scale as a validity index in children with ASD and to consider a high score on this index as a unique characteristic of their BRIEF profile, reflecting rigidity problems.
Descriptors: Executive Function, Cognitive Ability, Neurological Impairments, Children, Adolescents, Scores, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Asperger Syndrome, Validity
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A