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ERIC Number: EJ1044837
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Dec
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
ISSN: ISSN-0162-3257
Co-Occurrence of Autism and Asthma in a Nationally-Representative Sample of Children in the United States
Kotey, Stanley; Ertel, Karen; Whitcomb, Brian
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v44 n12 p3083-3088 Dec 2014
Few large epidemiological studies have examined the co-occurrence of autism and asthma. We performed a cross-sectional study to examine this association using the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health dataset (n = 77,951). We controlled for confounders and tested for autism-secondhand smoke interaction. Prevalence of asthma and autism were 14.5 % (n = 11,335) and 1.81 % (n = 1,412) respectively. Unadjusted odds ratio (OR) for asthma among autistic children was 1.35 (95 % CI 1.18-1.55). Adjusting for covariates (age, gender, body mass index, race, brain injury, secondhand smoke and socio-economic status) attenuated the OR to 1.19 (95 % CI 1.03-1.36). Autism-secondhand smoke interaction was insignificant (p = 0.38). Asthma is approximately 35 % more common in autistic children; screening may be an efficient approach to reduce risk of morbidity due to asthma.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A