NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1044155
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0741-9325
Writing Interventions for High School Students with Disabilities: A Review of Single-Case Design Studies
Cook, Kathleen B.; Bennett, Katie E.
Remedial and Special Education, v35 n6 p344-355 Nov-Dec 2014
Proficiency in writing increases opportunities in higher education, employment, and social relationships. Many students in the United States, however, are struggling writers. In particular, the writing performance of students with disabilities in secondary grades continues to lag behind grade level peers. The purpose of this article was to review writing interventions for high school students with disabilities to identify those practices that have been shown to be effective in supporting writing development. All studies were peer-reviewed, employed a single-case experimental design, and evaluated writing interventions used with students with disabilities in Grades 9 through 12. We used the What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) single-case design standards (Kratochwill et al., 2010) to evaluate the effects of writing interventions in the 14 identified studies. Specific interventions included Self-Regulated Strategy Development (SRSD), "Expressive Writing"™ (Direct Instruction), Cognitive Strategy Instruction in Writing, and pentop computers. Results indicated that only two SRSD programs and the pentop computer program demonstrated strong or moderate effects on written expression in studies that met WWC evidence standards with reservations.
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education; Grade 9; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Grade 10; Grade 11; Grade 12
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A