ERIC Number: EJ1043863
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Overestimation of Knowledge about Word Meanings: The "Misplaced Meaning" Effect
Kominsky, Jonathan F.; Keil, Frank C.
Cognitive Science, v38 n8 p1604-1633 Nov-Dec 2014
Children and adults may not realize how much they depend on external sources in understanding word meanings. Four experiments investigated the existence and developmental course of a "Misplaced Meaning" (MM) effect, wherein children and adults overestimate their knowledge about the meanings of various words by underestimating how much they rely on outside sources to determine precise reference. Studies 1 and 2 demonstrate that children and adults show a highly consistent MM effect, and that it is stronger in young children. Study 3 demonstrates that adults are explicitly aware of the availability of outside knowledge, and that this awareness may be related to the strength of the MM effect. Study 4 rules out general overconfidence effects by examining a metalinguistic task in which adults are well calibrated.
Descriptors: Semantics, Vocabulary Development, Misconceptions, Metacognition, Metalinguistics, Children, Adults, Experiments
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: R-37-HD023922