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ERIC Number: EJ1043653
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Dec
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1534-5084
Assessing Opportunity-to-Learn for Students with Disabilities in General and Special Education Classes
Kurz, Alexander; Elliott, Stephen N.; Lemons, Christopher J.; Zigmond, Naomi; Kloo, Amanda; Kettler, Ryan J.
Assessment for Effective Intervention, v40 n1 p24-39 Dec 2014
Current legislation encourages schools to educate students with disabilities (SWDs) in general education settings to the greatest extent appropriate. However, it is unclear whether inclusion in general education settings provides SWDs a sufficient opportunity to learn the academic content assessed by accountability measures. This initial study was designed to (a) describe the extent to which general and special educators provide their eighth-grade classes with an opportunity to learn the state-specific standards and to (b) examine the extent to which SWDs experience a differentiated opportunity to learn compared with their overall class. Across three states, we trained 38 general and special educators to use an online teacher log to report on various opportunity-to-learn (OTL) indices for 46 mathematics and reading classes and 89 nested SWDs. Based on an average logging period of 151 days, the results indicated that this sample's SWDs included in general education classes experienced less time on standards, more non-instructional time, and less content coverage than their overall class. Limitations and implications for policy and future research are discussed.
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; Grade 8
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Department of Education (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arizona; Pennsylvania; South Carolina
Grant or Contract Numbers: S368A090006