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ERIC Number: EJ1043650
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Oct
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1092-4388
Picture Naming and Verbal Fluency in Children with Cochlear Implants
Wechsler-Kashi, Deena; Schwartz, Richard G.; Cleary, Miranda
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v57 n5 p1870–1882 Oct 2014
Purpose: In the present study, the authors examined lexical naming in children with cochlear implants (CIs). The goal was to determine whether children with CIs have deficits in lexical access and organization as revealed through reaction time in picture-naming and verbal fluency (VF) experiments. Method: Children with CIs (n = 20, ages 7-10) were compared with 20 children with normal hearing (NH) matched for age and nonverbal IQ. Lexical abilities were examined using two naming tasks: a timed picture-naming task and a phonological and semantic VF naming task. Picture naming taps into lexical access capabilities and the VF task elucidates lexical organization. Results: No group differences were found between children with CIs and children with NH on the timed picture-naming task. Children with CIs generated significantly fewer words than the children with NH on the VF tasks. Larger group differences were found for the phonological VF task compared with the semantic VF task. Conclusions: Limited early linguistic and auditory experiences may affect lexical representations and organization (lexical-semantic connections) in school-age children with hearing loss who use CIs. Further analyses and studies should continue to examine these underlying linguistic deficits. The present results suggest a need to emphasize not only increasing the size of children's vocabularies during therapy, but also expanding and increasing the semantic and phonological richness of their lexical representations.
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 800-638-8255; Fax: 301-571-0457; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals; Test of Nonverbal Intelligence
Grant or Contract Numbers: 5R01DC011041; F32DC006786