ERIC Number: EJ1043643
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Toward Programmatic Research on Virtue Assessment: Challenges and Prospects
Fowers, Blaine J.
Theory and Research in Education, v12 n3 p309-328 Nov 2014
Poor construct definition has characterized research on virtue, beginning with Hartshorne and May's honesty studies and continuing to the present. Recently, scholars have begun to define virtues in ways that improve the prospects for measuring virtue constructs, but a coordinated, programmatic approach is necessary for success in virtue measurement. A brief overview of the construct of virtue includes six key elements that can structure virtue assessment design. Recent research on the trait/situation problem suggests that situational factors do not obviate traits. Veridicality issues such as social desirability and positive illusions are significant challenges for self-report virtue measurement. In summary self-report measures, these challenges can be met with a number of methods, including directly assessing social desirability and item construction to remove social desirability. These challenges can also be met using other-reports, experience sampling, or experimental procedures. A brief discussion of construct validity in virtue measurement leads to the conclusion that many studies with a variety of methods are necessary to establish valid measures of virtue.
Descriptors: Personality Assessment, Well Being, Moral Values, Measures (Individuals), Definitions, Personality Traits, Construct Validity, Measurement Techniques
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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