ERIC Number: EJ1043590
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Development of Joint Engagement in Young Deaf and Hearing Children: Effects of Chronological Age and Language Skills
Cejas, Ivette; Barker, David H.; Quittner, Alexandra L.; Niparko, John K.
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v57 n5 p1831-1841 Oct 2014
Purpose: To evaluate joint engagement (JE) in age-matched children with and without hearing and its relationship to oral language skills. Method: Participants were 180 children with severe-to-profound hearing loss prior to cochlear implant surgery, and 96 age-matched children with normal hearing; all parents were hearing. JE was evaluated in a 10-minute videotaped free play task with parents. Engagement states ranged from the lowest (unengaged) to the highest level (symbol-infused coordinated). Standardized language measures were administered. Results: Multivariate analyses were conducted between the groups, stratified by chronological and language age. Children who were deaf (Deaf) spent less time in total symbol-infused JE than children with normal hearing (NH) across all ages. The majority of the Deaf group (83%) fell in the lowest language age group, in comparison to 35% of the NH group, and spent significantly less time in symbol-infused JE than hearing children. These delays were also observed in the Deaf group, who fell into the 18-36 month language age. No children in the Deaf group had achieved a language age of > 36 months. Conclusions: Young children with and without hearing had different developmental trajectories of JE, which were related to oral language skills.
Descriptors: Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Oral Language, Language Skills, Comparative Analysis, Surgery, Assistive Technology, Play, Parent Child Relationship, Language Usage, Multivariate Analysis, Age Differences, Developmental Delays, Language Impairments, Young Children, Child Development
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 800-638-8255; Fax: 301-571-0457; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://jslhr.asha.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: R01 DC004797