NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1043288
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Oct
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 22
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9584
A Colorful Mixing Experiment in a Stirred Tank Using Non-Newtonian Blue Maize Flour Suspensions
Trujilo-de Santiago, Grissel; Rojas-de Gante, Cecillia; García-Lara, Silverio; Ballesca´-Estrada, Adriana; Alvarez, Marion Moise´s
Journal of Chemical Education, v91 n10 p1729-1735 Oct 2104
A simple experiment designed to study mixing of a material of complex rheology in a stirred tank is described. Non-Newtonian suspensions of blue maize flour that naturally contain anthocyanins have been chosen as a model fluid. These anthocyanins act as a native, wide spectrum pH indicator exhibiting greenish colors in alkaline environments, blue tones in neutral conditions, and pink-violet colors in acid environments. Students used a continuous injection of a basic solution in an initially acidic environment to reveal mixing patterns and flow structures and to follow their evolution over time in a typical stirred tank configuration. These experiments aim to demonstrate, in a laboratory setting, basic concepts related to mixing: (i) the existence of mixing pathologies in laminar-stirred tanks; (ii) the complex rheology of some real suspensions; (iii) the effect of tank geometry on mixing performance; and (iv) the quantitation of mixedness and mixing evolution using digital color analysis.
Division of Chemical Education, Inc and ACS Publications Division of the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-227-5558; Tel: 202-872-4600; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A