ERIC Number: EJ1043112
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
The 2 × 2 Model of Perfectionism and School--And Community-Based Sport Participation
Mallinson, Sarah H.; Hill, Andrew P.; Hall, Howard K.; Gotwals, John K.
Psychology in the Schools, v51 n9 p972-985 Nov 2014
The authors adopted the 2 × 2 model of perfectionism to examine the unique and interactive effects of two dimensions of perfectionism (personal standards perfectionism [PSP] and evaluative concerns perfectionism [ECP]) on personal and interpersonal indicators of participant experience in youth sport (enjoyment, physical self-worth, and friendship quality). Participants (N = 219, M age = 15.12, SD = 2.02) were recruited from various school--and community-based sports and completed a multi-section questionnaire. Consideration of main and interaction effects indicated that pure PSP (high PSP/low ECP) was associated with the most positive sport experience and pure ECP (low PSP/high ECP) was associated with the least positive sport experience. The findings suggest that subtypes of perfectionism from the 2 × 2 model are predictive of differing experiences in youth sport participation.
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Interaction, Self Concept, Athletics, Youth Programs, Self Esteem, Friendship, Adolescents, Questionnaires, Experience, Personality Traits, Anxiety, Stress Variables, Community Programs
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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