ERIC Number: EJ1043105
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Further Evidence on the "Costs of Privilege": Perfectionism in High-Achieving Youth at Socioeconomic Extremes
Lyman, Emily L.; Luthar, Suniya S.
Psychology in the Schools, v51 n9 p913-930 Nov 2014
This study involved two academically-gifted samples of 11th and 12th grade youth at the socioeconomic status (SES) extremes; one from an exclusive private, affluent school, and the other from a magnet school with low-income students. Negative and positive adjustment outcomes were examined in relation to multiple dimensions of perfectionism including perceived parental pressures to be perfect, personal perfectionistic self-presentation, and envy of peers. The low-income students showed some areas of relative vulnerability, but when large group differences were found, it was the affluent youth who were at a disadvantage, with substantially higher substance use and peer envy. Affluent girls seemed particularly vulnerable, with pronounced elevations in perfectionistic tendencies, peer envy, as well as body dissatisfaction. Examination of risk and protective processes showed that relationships with mothers were associated with students' distress as well as positive adjustment. Additionally, findings showed links between (a) envy of peers and multiple outcomes (among high SES girls in particular), (b) dimensions of perfectionism in relation to internalizing symptoms, and (c) high extrinsic versus intrinsic values in relation to externalizing symptoms.
Descriptors: Academically Gifted, Grade 11, Grade 12, High School Students, Socioeconomic Status, Social Differences, Low Income Groups, Magnet Schools, Adjustment (to Environment), Psychological Patterns, Anxiety, Parent Influence, Self Concept, At Risk Persons, Substance Abuse, Gender Differences, Human Body, Risk, Resilience (Psychology), Parent Child Relationship, Mothers, Stress Management, Stress Variables, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 11; Secondary Education; High Schools; Grade 12
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: R01 DA014385|R13 MH082592|R01 DA010726