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ERIC Number: EJ1043091
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Sep
Pages: 6
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0037-7724
A. Philip Randolph's Attempt at Equal Economic Opportunity: A Case Study
Walker, Joel
Social Education, v77 n4 p174-179 Sep 2013
A. Philip Randolph, the national president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters was one of the driving forces behind the March on Washington Movement in 1941. In frustration over the federal government's lack of support for opportunities in the booming war industries and equality in the military, Randolph had begun to organize the March on Washington Movement (MOWM). Calling for grassroots action instead of political negotiation, the movement gained momentum among the black population as the July 1, 1941, date for the event neared. In reaction to the fear of tens of thousands of African Americans marching on the nation's capital, President Franklin Roosevelt issued Executive Order 8802 to ensure "the full and equitable participation of all workers in defense industries, without discrimination because of race, creed, color, or national origin." To investigate "complaints of discrimination in violation of the provisions," the order established the "Committee on Fair Employment Practice." In exchange for the order, signed on June 25th, Randolph called off the march. The Committee on Fair Employment Practice, more commonly known as the Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC), has been disregarded by most historians as a powerless and ineffectual agency, especially in the South. If this is so, however, then why is Randolph's victory over FDR included in one form or another in many state high school history standards? And if Executive Order 8802 had no real effect, then why is it included as one of the 100 milestone documents in "Our Documents" (ourdocuments.gov)? These questions beg students to draw their own conclusions from the historical record.
National Council for the Social Studies. 8555 Sixteenth Street #500, Silver Spring, MD 20910. Tel: 800-683-0812; Tel: 301-588-1800; Fax: 301-588-2049; e-mail: membership@ncss.org; Web site: http://www.socialstudies.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A