ERIC Number: EJ1042937
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 27
Bullying May Be Fueled by the Desperate Need to Belong
Underwood, Marion K.; Ehrenreich, Samuel E.
Theory Into Practice, v53 n4 p265-270 2014
Human beings have a fundamental need to belong, for ongoing positive interactions with others who provide companionship and caring (Baumeister & Leary, 1995). Children may hit, exclude, or harass others electronically because when their own needs for belongingness are threatened, or when they want to enhance their own status, they lash out and hurt others in the way they think will be most painful, by engaging in behaviors that undermine the target's sense of belongingness. For reasons discussed herein, children and adolescents might be especially vulnerable to desperate needs for belongingness. Viewing bullying as motivated by the need to belong has profound implications for prevention and intervention programs to reduce bullying.
Descriptors: Bullying, Caring, Prevention, Intervention, Social Status, Children, Adolescents, Interpersonal Relationship, Peer Acceptance
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A