ERIC Number: EJ1042931
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
Ecological Theory: Preventing Youth Bullying, Aggression, and Victimization
Espelage, Dorothy L.
Theory Into Practice, v53 n4 p257-264 2014
Bronfenbrenner's (1977) classic ecological theory is used as a framework to review the documented risk and protective factors associated with involvement in school-related bullying during childhood and adolescence. Microsystems such as peers (socialization during adolescence), family (violence, lack of parental monitoring), community (exposure to violence), and schools (teacher attitudes, climate) contribute to the rates of bullying perpetrated or experienced by youth. The interaction between components of the microsystem is referred to as the mesosystem, and offers insight into how contexts can exacerbate or buffer experiences for youth who are involved in bullying (e.g., family support can buffer impact of peer victimization). Recommendations are provided for teachers and other adults who work with youth.
Descriptors: Prevention, Victims, Bullying, Peer Groups, Guidelines, Theories, Risk, Correlation, Socialization, Children, Context Effect, Adolescents, Parenting Styles, Family Violence, Violence, Aggression, Individual Characteristics, Family Characteristics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A