ERIC Number: EJ1042899
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 37
A Longitudinal Examination of the Relation between Parental Expressed Emotion and Externalizing Behaviors in Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Bader, Stephanie H.; Barry, Tammy D.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v44 n11 p2820-2831 Nov 2014
The current study explored the longitudinal relation between parental expressed emotion, a well-established predictor of symptom relapse in various other disorders (e.g., schizophrenia) with externalizing behaviors in 84 children, ages 8-18 (at Time 2), with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). It was found that parental expressed emotion, specifically criticism/hostility at Time 1, significantly related to a change in externalizing behaviors from Time 1 to Time 2, even after controlling for Time 1 family income, ASD symptom severity, parental distress, and parenting practices. That is, higher levels of parental criticism/hostility at Time 1 predicted higher levels of child externalizing behaviors at Time 2. However, the reverse was not found. This finding of a unidirectional relation has important clinical implications.
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Parents, Emotional Response, Predictor Variables, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Behavior Problems, Child Behavior, Children, Adolescents, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Time, Family Income, Severity (of Disability), Stress Variables, Parenting Styles, Parent Child Relationship, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A