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ERIC Number: EJ1042305
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Nov
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 53
ISSN: ISSN-1356-336X
Constructing Cardiovascular Fitness Knowledge in Physical Education
Zhang, Tan; Chen, Ang; Chen, Senlin; Hong, Deockki; Loflin, Jerry; Ennis, Catherine
European Physical Education Review, v20 n4 p425-443 Nov 2014
In physical education, it has become necessary for children to learn kinesiological knowledge for understanding the benefits of physical activity and developing a physically active lifestyle. This study was conducted to determine the extent to which cognitive assignments about healthful living and fitness contributed to knowledge growth on cardiorespiratory fitness and health. Fourth grade students (N = 616) from 15 randomly sampled urban elementary schools completed 34 cognitive assignments related to the cardiorespiratory physical activities they were engaged in across 10 lessons. Performance on the assignments were analyzed in relation to their knowledge gain measured using a standardized knowledge test. A multivariate discriminant analysis revealed that the cognitive assignments contributed to knowledge gain but the contribution varied assignment by assignment. A multiple regression analysis indicated that students' assignment performance by lesson contributed positively to their knowledge growth scores. A content analysis based on the constructivist learning framework showed that observing--reasoning assignments contributed the most to knowledge growth. Analytical and analytical--application assignments contributed less than the constructivist theories would predict.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Center for Research Resources (NIH/DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: R25 RR015674