ERIC Number: EJ1041181
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 27
Are Children with Autism More Responsive to Animated Characters? A Study of Interactions with Humans and Human-Controlled Avatars
Carter, Elizabeth J.; Williams, Diane L.; Hodgins, Jessica K.; Lehman, Jill F.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v44 n10 p2475-2485 Oct 2014
Few direct comparisons have been made between the responsiveness of children with autism to computer-generated or animated characters and their responsiveness to humans. Twelve 4-to 8-year-old children with autism interacted with a human therapist; a human-controlled, interactive avatar in a theme park; a human actor speaking like the avatar; and cartoon characters who sought social responses. We found superior gestural and verbal responses to the therapist; intermediate response levels to the avatar and the actor; and poorest responses to the cartoon characters, although attention was equivalent across conditions. These results suggest that even avatars that provide live, responsive interactions are not superior to human therapists in eliciting verbal and non-verbal communication from children with autism in this age range.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Animation, Interpersonal Relationship, Interaction, Counselors, Cartoons, Social Behavior, Verbal Communication, Nonverbal Communication, Attention, Communication Strategies, Computer Mediated Communication, Young Children
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A