ERIC Number: EJ1041172
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 38
A Prospective Examination of Emotional Clarity, Stress Responses, and Depressive Symptoms during Early Adolescence
Flynn, Megan; Rudolph, Karen D.
Journal of Early Adolescence, v34 n7 p923-939 Oct 2014
This study examined the proposal that difficulty understanding one's emotional experiences (i.e., deficits in emotional clarity) would interfere with the formulation of adaptive responses to interpersonal stress, which would then predict depressive symptoms. This process was examined across 3 years (fourth to sixth grade) during early adolescence. Participants included 636 youth (338 girls, 298 boys; X[bar] age in fourth grade = 9.95, SD = 0.37) who completed measures assessing emotional clarity, stress responses, and depressive symptoms. Consistent with the hypothesized model, path analyses revealed that maladaptive interpersonal stress responses partially mediated the prospective contribution of deficits in emotional clarity to depressive symptoms. These findings implicate impairment in emotional understanding as a precursor to emerging interpersonal and psychological difficulties during a developmental stage of heightened vulnerability to depression, the transition to adolescence.
Descriptors: Emotional Experience, Depression (Psychology), Developmental Stages, Adolescents, Path Analysis, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Stress Variables, Interpersonal Relationship, Elementary School Students, Measures (Individuals), Emotional Adjustment, Coping, Gender Differences, Factor Analysis, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4
Sponsor: National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: R01 MH068444