ERIC Number: EJ1041076
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 46
Directed Forgetting in High-Functioning Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Meyer, Brenda J.; Gardiner, John M.; Bowler, Dermot M.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v44 n10 p2514-2524 Oct 2014
Rehearsal strategies of adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and demographically matched typically developed (TD) adults were strategically manipulated by cueing participants to either learn, or forget each list word prior to a recognition task. Participants were also asked to distinguish between autonoetic and noetic states of awareness using the Remember/Know paradigm. The ASD group recognised a similar number of to-be-forgotten words as the TD group, but significantly fewer to-be-learned words. This deficit was only evident in Remember responses that reflect autonoetic awareness, or episodic memory, and not Know responses. These findings support the elaborative encoding deficit hypothesis and provide a link between the previously established mild episodic memory impairments in adults with high functioning autism and the encoding strategies employed.
Descriptors: Adults, Comparative Analysis, Learning Strategies, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cues, Word Lists, Word Recognition, Memory, Recall (Psychology), Cognitive Processes, Neurological Impairments
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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