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ERIC Number: EJ1041060
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Oct
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 54
ISSN: ISSN-1382-4996
The Influence of Achievement before, during and after Medical School on Physician Job Satisfaction
Schmit Jongbloed, Lodewijk J.; Schönrock-Adema, Johanna; Borleffs, Jan C. C.; Stewart, Roy E.; Cohen-Schotanus, Janke
Advances in Health Sciences Education, v19 n4 p581-595 Oct 2014
In this longitudinal study, we investigated the relationship between physicians' prior achievements (before, during and after medical school) and job satisfaction, and tested the two lines of reasoning that prior achievements influence job satisfaction positively or negatively, respectively. The participants were graduates who started their medical training in 1982 (n = 147), 1983 (n = 154), 1992 (n = 143) and 1993 (n = 153). We operationalised job satisfaction as satisfaction (on a 10-point scale) with 13 cognitive, affective and instrumental aspects of the participants' jobs. The measures of achievement before, during and after medical school included pre-university grade point average, study progress and a residency position in the specialty of first choice, respectively. We included the effect of curriculum type (problem-based learning versus traditional), gender and years of experience as moderator variables. Higher achievers "before" and "during" medical school were more satisfied about their income (ß = 0.152, p < 0.01 and ß = 0.149, p < 0.05), but less satisfied with their opportunities for personal development (ß = -0.159, p < 0.05). High achievers "after" medical school were more satisfied with professional accomplishments (ß = 0.095, p < 0.05), with appreciation from support personnel (ß = 0.154, p < 0.01) and from patients (ß = 0.120, p < 0.05). Effect sizes were small. Prior achievements influenced job satisfaction. The direction of the influences depended on the job satisfaction aspect in question, which indicates that it is important to distinguish between aspects of job satisfaction. To optimize job satisfaction of high achievers, it is important for graduates to obtain their preferred specialty. Furthermore, it is vital to provide them with enough opportunities for further development.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A