ERIC Number: EJ1041053
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 35
Exploring Features of Integrative Teaching through a Microanalysis of Connection-Making Processes in a Health Sciences Curriculum
Hooper, Barbara R.; Greene, David; Sample, Pat L.
Advances in Health Sciences Education, v19 n4 p469-495 Oct 2014
The interconnected nature of knowledge in the health sciences is not always reflected in how curricula, courses, and learning activities are designed. Thus have scholars advocated for more explicit attention to connection-making, or integration, in teaching and learning. However, conceptual and empirical work to guide such efforts is limited. This study analyzed classroom processes to determine "what" connections educators promoted in their classrooms and "how" those connections were made. A qualitative, focused ethnography design explored connection-making in a health science curriculum. Eight instructors were observed during ten class sessions resulting in 35 h of video data. Video data were entered into the observational software, Noldus Observer, and coded using continuous sampling. Frequency and duration of connections made were calculated in Noldus. Connection-making involved four interactive elements: The "topic" under direct consideration, other "domains" of professional knowledge (practice, student experience, research, theory, other content, core construct of the profession, external influences, metacognition), the "integrative processes" instructors used to connect a topic to other knowledge domains (informal example, stories, questioning, linking statements, formal cases, and program descriptions), and the "learning and instructor context" (type and purpose of course, instructor personal and professional experience). These elements are presented as an initial integrative learning taxonomy that can be used to guide explicit attention to connection-making in education and research.
Descriptors: Health Sciences, College Curriculum, Integrated Curriculum, Qualitative Research, Ethnography, College Faculty, Observation, Taxonomy, College Instruction, Educational Philosophy
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A