ERIC Number: EJ1040997
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 26
Knowledge and Processes That Predict Proficiency in Digital Literacy
Bulger, Monica E.; Mayer, Richard E.; Metzger, Miriam J.
Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v27 n9 p1567-1583 Oct 2014
Proficiency in digital literacy refers to the ability to read and write using online sources, and includes the ability to select sources relevant to the task, synthesize information into a coherent message, and communicate the message with an audience. The present study examines the determinants of digital literacy proficiency by asking 150 students who had 50 min of access to the Internet and a word processor to produce a research report on whether or not their college should require all students to own a laptop computer. The resulting essay received a holistic rating from 1 to 5. Concerning knowledge underlying digital literacy, the major predictors of digital literacy proficiency (as measured by essay rating) were academic experience (undergraduate versus graduate status) and domain knowledge (based on a questionnaire), rather than technical knowledge about how to use computers (based on a questionnaire). Concerning processing during the task, the major predictors of digital literacy proficiency were integrating processes (such as number of unique sources, citations, or supporting details) rather than search processes (such as number of actions, web pages, websites, links, or search terms). In short, proficiency in digital literacy depended mainly on academic experience rather than technical experience, and on how learners organize and integrate the information they find rather than on how much information they peruse. Findings from this study suggest that the basic tenets of good scholarship apply to digital media.
Descriptors: Media Literacy, Internet, Word Processing, Laptop Computers, Access to Computers, Questionnaires, Educational Experience, Educational Attainment, Knowledge Level, Prediction, College Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A