ERIC Number: EJ1040791
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 111
Comprehension Tools for Teachers: Reading for Understanding from Prekindergarten through Fourth Grade
Connor, Carol McDonald; Phillips, Beth M.; Kaschak, Michael; Apel, Kenn; Kim, Young-Suk; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Crowe, Elizabeth C.; Thomas-Tate, Shurita; Johnson, Lakeisha Cooper; Lonigan, Christopher J.
Educational Psychology Review, v26 n3 p379-401 Sep 2014
This paper describes the theoretical framework, as well as the development and testing of the intervention, "Comprehension Tools for Teachers" (CTT), which is composed of eight component interventions targeting malleable language and reading comprehension skills that emerging research indicates contribute to proficient reading for understanding for prekindergarteners through fourth graders. Component interventions target processes considered largely automatic as well as more reflective processes, with interacting and reciprocal effects. Specifically, we present component interventions targeting cognitive, linguistic, and text-specific processes, including morphological awareness, syntax, mental-state verbs, comprehension monitoring, narrative and expository text structure, enacted comprehension, academic knowledge, and reading to learn from informational text. Our aim was to develop a tool set composed of intensive meaningful individualized small group interventions. We improved feasibility in regular classrooms through the use of design-based iterative research methods including careful lesson planning, targeted scripting, pre- and postintervention proximal assessments, and technology. In addition to the overall framework, we discuss seven of the component interventions and general results of design and efficacy studies.
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Teaching Methods, Intervention, Reading Comprehension, Reading Skills, Language Proficiency, Preschool Children, Kindergarten, Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4, Elementary School Students, Reading Processes, Cognitive Processes, Morphology (Languages), Syntax, Verbs, Knowledge Level, Small Group Instruction, Lesson Plans, Planning, Scripts, Pretests Posttests, Educational Technology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Kindergarten; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 1; Elementary Education; Grade 2; Grade 3; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305F100027