ERIC Number: EJ1040101
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
Data First: Building Scientific Reasoning in AP Chemistry via the Concept Development Study Approach
Nichol, Carolyn A.; Szymczyk, Amber J.; Hutchinson, John S.
Journal of Chemical Education, v91 n9 p1318-1325 Sep 2014
This article introduces the "Data First" approach and shows how the observation and analysis of scientific data can be used as a scaffold to build conceptual understanding in chemistry through inductive reasoning. The "Data First" approach emulates the scientific process by changing the order by which we introduce data. Rather than using data to solve problems after the concept is taught, the "Data First" approach allows students to analyze trends, evaluate discrepant events, and construct knowledge by developing a strong conceptual foundation. Not only is this approach aligned to the AP Chemistry Curriculum Framework, it also is based on research about how people learn. Included are examples showing how this approach can be used to teach a range of chemistry topics. These include using photoelectron spectroscopy data to understand electron configuration, using heats of vaporization to understand intermolecular forces, and using vapor pressure to understand dynamic equilibrium. The "Data First" approach is a resource to support the shift to more conceptual and inquiry-based teaching and learning in AP chemistry.
Descriptors: Scientific Literacy, Advanced Placement, Chemistry, Concept Formation, Logical Thinking, Data Analysis, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Trend Analysis, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Spectroscopy, Heat, Professional Development, College Science, Secondary School Science
Division of Chemical Education, Inc and ACS Publications Division of the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-227-5558; Tel: 202-872-4600; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://pubs.acs.org/jchemeduc
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Secondary Education
Sponsor: National Science Foundation
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: EEC-0908968